How is Vasectomy Surgery Performed?
- In most cases, the procedure is done under a local or general anaesthetic and takes 20 – 30 minutes. You might also undergo sedation to help with anxiety.
- Your scrotum will be cleaned and might be shaved.
- The surgeon will administer a local anaesthetic to the area and make one or two small incisions in your scrotum to gain access to the vas deferens tubes.
- The vas deferens tubes are cut and the ends clamped, sealed with electrocautery (heat) or sutured closed.
- The incisions in your scrotum are sutured with dissolvable sutures that do not need to be removed.
What to Expect After Vasectomy Surgery?
After your vasectomy surgery:
- Your scrotum will feel numb for up to two hours
- Lying on your back, applying cold packs – 20mins on and off- and wearing firm underwear will help with the discomfort.
- You need to plan for a day or two off work and avoid heavy lifting for a week.
- Sex can resume when you are comfortable, usually after 1 week.
- It may take up to three months for sperm to be completely gone when you ejaculate. Pregnancy is still possible and you are advised to use other forms of birth control until a clear sperm count.
The risks of vasectomy surgery include:
- Swelling or bruising.
- Infection at the wound site.
- A granuloma (small lump) forming if sperm leak from the vas deferens into surrounding tissue.
- Inflammation of the vas deferens or surrounding area.
- The vas deferens growing back together so you become fertile again (rare).